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Eberhard Guhe


个人简介 Personal profile

Eberhard Guhe

Contact Information:

Office:

No. 220 Handan Road, Guang Hua Tower, West Main Building, Room 2514

Office hours:

Monday, 14:00-16:00

Email:

guhe@fudan.edu.cn

教育和工作经历 Education and Work Experience

教育经历 Education

I started studying at the University of Münster (Germany) heading for a career as an Indologist. I learnt Sanskrit, Pāli and Sinhalese and decided to specialize in Indian philosophy with an eye to writing my MA-thesis on Indian logic. Then I transferred to the University of Vienna (Austria) in order to study at the Viennese Institute for Indology, the famous centre for research on Indian philosophy. In Vienna I passed my MA majoring in Indology with mathematics and logic as minors. While working as an assistant in the Indology Department and in the Tibetology Department at the University of Vienna I was writing a doctoral thesis on Indian logic and finally earned a PhD in Indology from the University of Vienna. My supervisors were Prof. Gerhard Oberhammer (Institute for Indology) and Prof. Martin Goldstern (Institute for Algebra of Vienna Technical University). During the time of my doctoral studies I was also concerned about enhancing my mathematical competence and passed a pre-diploma in mathematics. Studying mathematics has been an important source of inspiration for my interdisciplinary work in the realm of Indian logic and it provided me with the necessary background to do research on Indian mathematics as well.  

工作经历 Work Experience

1994 – 1999: Research assistant in the Indology Department and in the Tibetology Department of the                               University of Vienna

1999 – 2002: Lecturer at the Universities of Tübingen (Germany), Stuttgart (Germany) and Zürich                                  (Switzerland)

2002 – 2009: Assistant professor in the Indology Department of the University of Mainz (Germany)

2009 – 2019: Associate professor at the School of Philosophy/Fudan University

2019 –        :  Full professor at the School of Philosophy/Fudan University

研究方向 Research Intrestes

1 Sanskrit (especially synchronic analysis of Sanskrit morphology and syntax)

2 Indian philosophy

2.1 Indian Logic (especially Navya-Nyāya)

2.2 Buddhism and Philosophy of Mind

2.3 Buddhist Ethics

3 Indian Mathematics

4 History of Western Logic

主要学术成果 Academic Achievements

代表性著作 Publications

Monographs

1.) E. Guhe, An Indian Theory of Defeasible Reasoning–The Doctrine of upādhi in the Upādhidarpaṇa, [Harvard Oriental Series 97]. Cambridge/Mass., Harvard University Press, 2021

2.) E. Guhe, Maheśa Chandra Nyāyaratna's “Brief Notes on the Modern Nyāya System of Philosophy and its Technical Terms”–Introduction, Edition and Annotated Translation. Shanghai, Fudan University Press, 2014

3.) E. Guhe, Einführung in das klassische Sanskrit–Ein Lehrbuch mit Übungen. Wiesbaden, Otto Harrassowitz, 2008/2009, reprinted 2012,2013

Edited Books

S. Grätzel and E. Guhe (eds.), Life, Body, Person and Self. A Reconsideration of Core Concepts in Bioethics from an Intercultural Perspective. Freiburg/München, Karl Alber 2016

Chapters in a Book

1.) E. Guhe, The Logic of Late Nyāya. A Property-Theoretic Framework for a Formal Reconstruction, in: Handbook of Logical Thought in India. Ed. S. Sarukkai (section editor: J. Ganeri), published online by Springer/India 2018, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-81-322-1812-8_11-2, 23 pp. (peer reviewed)

2.) E. Guhe, The Logic of Late Nyāya. Problems and Issues, in: Handbook of Logical Thought in India. Ed. S. Sarukkai (section editor: J. Ganeri), published online by Springer/India 2017, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-81-322-1812-8_33-1, 29 pp. (peer reviewed)

代表性论文 Academic Papers

31.) E. Guhe, Some Ideas Concerning Stephen Phillips’ Jewel of Reflection on the Truth about Epistemology: A Complete and Annotated Translation of the Tattvacintāmaṇi (Review Article). Accepted for publication in Philosophy East and West on Aug. 6th 2022 (A&HCI) 

30.) E. Guhe, Defeasible Reasoning in Navya-Nyāya. Journal of Applied Logics – The IfCoLog Journal of Logics and their Applications. Special Issue (Proceedings of the 19th Brazilian Logic Conference, XIX EBL), vol. 9/1 (2022), 255 – 286 (peer reviewed)

29.) E. Guhe, Killing Gently by Means of the śyena: The Navya-Nyāya Analysis of Vedic and Secular Injunctions (vidhi) and Prohibitions (niṣedha) from the Perspective of Dynamic Deontic Logic. Journal of Indian Philosophy, vol. 49/3 (2021), 421 – 449 (A&HCI)

28.) E. Guhe, Navya-Nyāya, in: Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Philosophy and Religion, ed. Stewart Goetz and Charles Taliaferro, Hoboken/NJ, John Wiley & Sons 2021 (peer reviewed)

27.) E. Guhe, An Indian Quasi-Fregean Theory of Number. Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences, vol. 12/3 (2019), 329–351 (peer reviewed)

26.) E. Guhe, Maheśa Chandra’s Exposition of the Navya-Nyāya Concept of Cognition (jñāna) from the Perspective of Inquisitive Logic. Accepted for publication in a special issue of the Journal of Indian Philosophy entitled “Logic and Religion in India” on April 6th 2018 (A&HCI)

25.) E. Guhe, Graham Priest’s Mathematical Analysis of the Concept of Emptiness. History and Philosophy of Logic, vol. 38/3 (2017), 282–290 (A&HCI, SCI)

24.) E. Guhe, “The absence of the difference from a pot is potness” – Axiomatic Proofs of Theorems Concerning Negative Properties in Navya-Nyāya. Computer Science Journal of Moldova, vol. 24/3 (72) (2016), 312–334 (peer reviewed, indexed in Zentralblatt für Mathematik and Mathematical Reviews)

23.) E. Guhe, Inference from Effect to Cause due to the Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika-Tradition and Schopenhauer’s Philosophy, in: Schopenhauer und diePhilosophien Asiens. Ed. M. Kossler. [Beiträge zur Indologie 42]. 39–46. Wiesbaden, Otto Harrassowitz 2008 = Nyāyamukha–Festschrift for Prof. Weihong Zheng–Commemorating the 45th Anniversary of the Beginning of the His Distinguished Career. Ed. Mingjun Tang. [Indologica et Studia Indica, No. 1]. 177–186. Shanghai 2016

22.) E. Guhe, An Indian Logic of Property and Location, in: Proceedings MFOI 2016–Conference on Mathematical Foundations of Informatics. Ed. S. Cojocaru and G. Gaindric. 38–72. Chisinau, Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science, Academy of Sciences of Moldova 2016

21.) E. Guhe, Oceanic Boundlessness and the apramāṇa-Meditation, in: Life, Body, Person and Self. A Reconsideration of Core Concepts in Bioethics from an Intercultural Perspective. Ed. S. Grätzel and E. Guhe. 133–143. Freiburg/München, Karl Alber 2016

20.) E. Guhe, Transplantation from a Modern Buddhist Viewpoint, in: Life, Body, Person and Self. A Reconsideration of Core Concepts in Bioethics from an Intercultural Perspective. Ed. S. Grätzel and E. Guhe. 59–67. Freiburg/München, Karl Alber 2016

19.) E. Guhe, Entscheidungkriterien bei bioethischen Problemen aus buddhistischer Sicht, in: Life, Body, Person and Self. A Reconsideration of Core Concepts in Bioethics from an Intercultural Perspective. Ed. S. Grätzel and E. Guhe. 41–58. Freiburg/München, Karl Alber 2016

18.) E. Guhe, Menschenbild und Medizinethik aus der Sicht des Theravāda-Buddhismus, in: Life, Body, Person and Self. A Reconsideration of Core Concepts in Bioethics from an Intercultural Perspective. Ed. S. Grätzel and E. Guhe. 26–40. Freiburg/München, Karl Alber 2016

17.) E. Guhe, S. Grätzel, Introduction to: Life, Body, Person and Self. A Reconsideration of Core Concepts in Bioethics from an Intercultural Perspective. Ed. S. Grätzel and E. Guhe. 7–13. Freiburg/München, Karl Alber 2016

16.) E. Guhe, The Problem of Foundation in Early Nyāya and in Navya- Nyāya. History and Philosophy of Logic, vol. 36/2 (2015), 97–113 (A&HCI, SCI)

15.) E. Guhe, Brief aus Shanghai. Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie, vol. 63, Heft 6 (2015), 11501157 (A&HCI)

14.) E. Guhe, Recursion in Indian Art and in Indian Mathematics. Studies in Logic, vol. 6, No. 3 (2013), 88–101 (peer reviewed)

13.) E. Guhe, Gödel’s Original Version of the Completeness Proof for First-Order Logic. Studies in Logic, vol. 4, No. 1 (2011), 101–108 (peer reviewed)

12.) E. Guhe, “Being No One” oder “Being Someone”–Zur Theorie des Selbstmodells und seine Nähe zu buddhistischen Denktraditionen,in: Die Relationalität des Subjektes im Kontext der Religionshermeneutik. Ed. Gerhard Oberhammer and Marcus Schmücker. [Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-Historische Klasse,Sitzungsberichte, vol. 816]. 253–270. Wien, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften 2011

11.) E. Guhe, Thomas Metzinger’s Self-Model Theory and the Doctrine of anatta in Theravāda-Buddhism. The Mahachulalongkorn Journal of Buddhist Studies, vol. III (2010), 25–33

10.) E. Guhe, Upādhi Baojian zhong de “Lianhe Tiaojian” de Xueshuo, in: Yinming (Hetuvidyā). Vol. 4. Ed. Zhongyi ZHANG and Gansu GUANGQUAN. 166–170. Lanzhou, Ganzu Minzu Chubanshe 2010

9.) E. Guhe, George Bealer’s Property Theories and their Relevance to the Study of Navya-Nyāya Logic, in: Logic, Navya-Nyāya & Applications. Ed. M. K. Chakraborti et al. [Studies in Logic, vol. 15]. 139–153. London, College Publications 2008 (peer reviewed)

8.) E. Guhe, Die Grenzen der dichterischen Freiheit aus der Sicht des Theravāda-Buddhismus,in: Religiosität und Sprache I: Alltagssprache und sakrale Sprache.Ed. Manfried L. G. Dietrich et al. [Mitteilungen für Anthropologie und Religionsgeschichte, vol. 18]. 49–60. Münster, Ugarit-Verlag 2006

7.) E. Guhe, Division by 0 in Indian Mathematics. Sanskrit Studies Centre Journal (Silpakorn University, Bangkok), vol. 1 (2005), 64–72

6.) E. Guhe, Der Beitrag der indischen Mathematik zum Rechnen mit negativen Zahlen.Asiatische Studien, vol. LIX 2 (2005), 499–507

5.) E. Guhe, Nāgārjuna’s Many-Valued Characterization of Nirvāṇa. Berliner Indologische Studien, vol. 15/16/17 (2003), 241–250

4.) E. Guhe, Intensionale Aspekte der indischen Logik. Berliner Indologische Studien, vol. 13/14 (2000), 105116

3.) E. Guhe, An Südasienkundlichen Instituten in Wien gearbeitete Dissertationen und Diplomarbeiten.Guhe, Eberhard: Die Lehre von der zusätzlichen Bestimmung (upādhi) im Upādhidarpaṇa. Diss. 1999. 260p. Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde Südasiens, vol. 44 (2000), 221–222

2.) E. Guhe, Differentiations- und Integrationsprobleme in der indischenMathematik. WienerZeitschriftfür dieKundeSüdasiens,vol.41 (1997), 99–117 (available from: http://www.jstor.org/stable/i24004125)

1.) E. Guhe, Ansätze zur Fregeschen Semantik im Upādhidarpaṇa. Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde Südasiens, vol. 40 (1996), 223–224

近期组织/参加的会议

Organization of or Participation in Recent/Upcoming Conferences/Workshops (2016-22)

Acting as Organizer and Speaker:

– Workshop “Fudan Trifft Hamburg” at the Institute for Philosophy at the University of Hamburg, organized by Prof. Benjamin Schnieder (Department of Philosophy, University of Hamburg) and Prof. Eberhard Guhe, Oct. 27th–28th 2017, paperpresentation: “An Indian Quasi-Fregean Theory of Number”

– Workshop “Logic, Language and Metaphysics” at Fudan, organized by Prof. Eberhard Guhe and Prof. Benjamin Schnieder (Department of Philosophy, University of Hamburg),  Sept. 16th–17th 2016, paper presentation: “‘The absence of the difference from a pot is potness’–Axiomatic Proofs of Theorems Concerning Negative Properties in Navya-Nyāya”

Acting as Speaker:

– Upcoming: 25th World Congress of Philosophy in Rome, Aug. 1st – 8th 2024, invited as cochair of the section “Buddhist Philosophy”

– Upcoming: Annual Meeting of the Chinese Association of Vijñaptimātratā Studies (CAVS) in Hangzhou, organized by the Buddhist Academy of Zhejiang Province, Nov. 18th – 20th 2022, title of paper: “Breaking a Taboo in Nyāya: The Upādhidarpaṇa’s Non-Well-Founded Property Concept”, invited speaker 

– World Congress on Logic and Religion, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi/India, Nov. 4th – 8th, 2022, invited as keynote speaker (participation cancelled due to Covid-related inconveniences) 

– Paper presentation for the Fudan Buddhist Lecture Series, July, 2nd 2022 (online), title of paper: “apoha in Navya-Nyāya – ‘Exclusion of Others’ in a Realist Guise”, invited speaker

– Webtalk, organized by the Indian Institute of Technology, Varanasi/India, Dec. 4th 2021, title of paper: “On How to Keep the ‘Gruesome’pakṣetaratva in Check – The Upādhidarpaṇa’s Response to a Navya-Nyāya Version of Goodman’s ‘Grue Paradox’”

– Paper presentation at a conference on “Structuralism” at Fudan University, organized by Prof. Benoit Vermander, Nov. 27th 2021, title of paper: “Structuralism in Classical Indian Philosophy”

– VIP-lecture on the occasion of the celebration of the 75th anniversary of the Indian Independence Day in the Indian Consulate/Shanghai, Aug. 15th 2021: “On the Influence of Kālidāsa’s Abhijñānaśākuntala on Goethe’s Faust”

–  Inaugural lecture on the occasion of my appointment as full professor at the School of Philosophy, Dec. 3rd 2019: “On the Merit of Studying Navya-Nyāya from a Fregean Perspective” (Discussant: Prof. Nirmalya Guha, IIT Varanasi)

–  19th Brazilian Logic Conference in Joao Pessoa/Brazil, May 6th–10th 2019, paper presentation: “Defeasible Reasoning in Navya-Nyāya”; 3 tutorials: “Some Highlights of Indian Logic”, keynote speaker

–  International workshop “Reasoning Tools for Deontic Logic and Applications to Indian Sacred Texts”, hosted by Vienna Technical University and the Institute for the Cultural and Intellectual History of Asia at the Austrian Academy of Sciences, in Vienna, June 11th–13th 2018, paper presentation: “Ross’s Paradox and the Navya-Nyāya Interpretation of Injunctions”, invited speaker

– Individual paper presentation at the National Institute for Advanced Humanistic Studies at Fudan University/Shanghai, May 16th 2018, title of paper: “On the Navya-Nyāya Contribution to a Logic of Questions”, invited speaker

–  Individual paper presentation addressed to the Buddhist Philosophical Forum at the Philosophy Department of National Chengchi University in Taipei, April 9th 2018, title of paper: “An Indian Quasi-Fregean Theory of Number”, invited by Prof. Chen-kuo Lin

–  Cultural Forum “The Discovery of Piprahwa Buddha Relics and its Sociocultural Significance” at National Taiwan University in Taipei, April 6th 2018, paper presentation: “Buddhist Death Rites and the Doctrine of anattā. Some Reflections on the Piprahwa Buddha Relics”, keynote speaker

–  Public discussion with the artist Liao Fei on the occasion of his exhibition “Res Extensa” in Vanguard Gallery, Oriental Art Center/Shanghai, April 1st 2018

– 2nd World Congress on Logic and Religion, hosted at the University of Warsaw (Poland), June 18th – 22nd 2017, paper presentation: “Maheśa Chandra Nyāyaratna’s Concept of jñāna from the Perspective of Inquisitive Logic”, invited speaker

–  Chinese Cultural Summit Forum of Yi Hua Tower, in Wu Hu, April 8th–9th 2017, paper presentation: “Graham Priest’s Mathematical Analysis of the Concept of Emptiness” (a condensed ppt-version of the paper I read in Vienna in 2016), invited speaker

–  International Conference “Indo-Chinese Cultural Relations Through Buddhist Path of Transcendence”, organized by the Center for Gandhian and Indian Studies (CGIS) at Fudan University and the Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR), in Shanghai, Dec. 9th–12th 2016, paper presentation: “‘The absence of the difference from a pot is potness’ –Axiomatic Proofs of Theorems Concerning Negative Properties in Navya-Nyāya”, invited speaker

–  International Conference on Mathematical Foundation of Informatics, organized by the Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science, Academy of Sciences of Moldova, in Vadul lui Voda City, Park Dniester, Moldova, July 25th–30th 2016, paper presentation: “An Indian Logic of Property and Location”, keynote speaker

–  International Workshop: “Buddhist Logic and its Applications in East Asia”, hosted at the Institute for the Cultural and Intellectual History of Asia at the Austrian Academy of Sciences, in Vienna, June 27th–29th 2016, paper presentation: “Graham Priest’s Mathematical Analysis of the Concept of Emptiness”, invited speaker

–  International Conference on Ethno-Epistemology – Culture, Language, and Methodology, in Kanazawa, Japan, organized by the Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, June 2nd–5th 2016, paper presentation: “The Indian ‘Blue Pot’-Paradox in Navya-Nyāya and the Chinese ‘White Horse’-Paradox from the Gongsun Long-zi”, invited speaker

荣誉及获奖 Grants and Awards 

 –Co-director (jointly with Prof. Stephan Grätzel/University of Mainz) of an interdisciplinary research project on Buddhism and bioethics funded by the German Research Foundation (“Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft”) from Oct 2007 to June 2014

 –Director of the research project “Oriental Scholar” on cross-cultural issues in the scientific traditions of India and the West funded by the Chinese Government from 2011 to 2014

 –Academic visitor at the Philosophy Department of the University of Oxford in Feb 2012 (invited by Prof. Volker Halbach)

Harvard-Yenching Fellow (Coordinate Research Programme) at Harvard University, Aug. 1st 2018 to April 30th 2019 (invited by Prof. Parimal Patil)

– Director of the research project “Knowledge Representation and Reasoning (KR&R) in NavyaNyāya” funded by the Chinese Ministry of Education from Aug. ’22 onwards

– Selection of my book “An Indian Theory of Defeasible Reasoning – The Doctrine of upādhi in the Upādhidarpaṇa” for the 2022 Fudan University Humanities and Social Sciences Pioneer Program

开设课程 Courses

Before I came to Fudan I taught classes on Sanskrit, Pāli and Sinhalese (introductory courses as well as reading classes) and seminars on different topics of Indian philosophy. 

At Fudan I continued teaching Sanskrit reading classes and introductory courses (graduate and undergraduate level) as well as seminars on Indian philosophy. Moreover, I started teaching Western logic (first-order logic and modal logic).